J. Phys. II France
Volume 7, Numéro 12, December 1997
Page(s) 1761 - 1788
DOI: 10.1051/jp2:1997214
J. Phys. II France 7 (1997) 1761-1788

From Semi-Flexible Polymers to Membranes: Anomalous Diffusion and Reptation

R. Granek

Department of Materials and Interfaces, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

(Received 13 May 1997, received in final form 8 September 1997, accepted 11 September 1997)

The dynamics of semi-flexible polymers and membranes is discussed. The effect of thermal undulations on both the transversal and longitudinal Mean Square Displacement (MSD) of a tagged "monomer" is studied in free polymers and membranes. The two MSDs are found to be proportional to one another, and behave as $\sim t^{3/4}$ for polymers and $\sim t^{2/3}$ for membranes on the short time scale. The longitudinal motion is shown to be linked to the dynamics of fluctuations of the projected length (area) of the polymer (membrane). We demonstrate how, at long times, these fluctuations lead to reptation motion of the polymer (membrane) in the longitudinal direction. We generalize this approach to investigate the motion of a membrane between two plates and a polymer in a tube. The latter problem is used as a model for polymer motion in semi-dilute solutions in which the persistence length is longer than the entanglement length. Such systems are not suitable for the classical reptation model of de-Gennes and of Doi and Edwards, which was designed for chains that are flexible on the entanglement distance. The reptation diffusion coefficient and relaxation times that we obtain have the same scaling with chain length L as in the classical reptation model, but differ greatly in factors that are dependent on the ratio of persistence length to entanglement length. We also discuss the diffusion of a tagged "monomer" under imposed tension and liquid crystalline order.

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