Issue
J. Phys. II France
Volume 2, Number 2, February 1992
Page(s) 163 - 174
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/jp2:1992121
DOI: 10.1051/jp2:1992121
J. Phys. II France 2 (1992) 163-174

Application d'une théorie alternative de la diffraction pour l'étude des profils de modulation des réseaux holographiques de volume

S. Mechahougui and J. Harthong

Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Physique, Laboratoire des systèmes photoniques, 7 rue de l'université, F-67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France

(Received 24 May 1991, accepted 16 October 1991)

Abstract
In this contribution we present a numerical study of the influence of the refractive index modulation profile onto several parameters of interest such that diffraction efficiency, spectral selectivity, or angular selectivity. The most widely used materials (silver halides and dichromated gelatin) have a strongly non-linear response at high exposures. Many papers have been published about this subject. Solymar and his group [22 - 24] have studied in detail the formation of a modulation profile for the refractive index in the region of saturation. For linear exposures the profile will be sinusoidal, but for exposures with saturation, it will be non-sinusoidal. We have selected a series of possible profiles, which correspond to the properties of the materials at saturation, as they have been studied in [22-24]. For these models of profiles we have carried out a complete set of numerical computations, using programs of our own. These programs are based on a complete and exact solution of the Maxwell equations. The programs have been used for the computation of the efficiencies and of the angular selectivity at Bragg incidence for the different models of non-sinusoidal profiles. We were interested mainly by the optimal cases; indeed the efficiencies at a given order depend strongly on the thickness and on the modulation amplitude: for each given thickness, there is a precise value of the modulation amplitude at which the efficiency is maximum; conversely, for each given amplitude of modulation, there is a precise value of the thickness at which the efficiency is maximum. We have then studied the dependence of the efficiency and of the angular selectivity with respect to the profile, in the neighbourhood of these optimal cases. This study should explain theoretically the way by which the efficiency depends on the exposure: it is due not only to the fact that the modulation amplitude increases with the exposure, but also to the fact that after having reached saturation, the profiles gets a non-sinusoidal form for which the theoretical efficiency is better than for the sinusoidal from. We present only a theoretical analysis; for the analysis of the correlation between the exposure and the form of the resulting profile, we follow the work of Solymar and his group.

Résumé
Nous présentons une étude numérique de l'influence du profil de modulation de l'indice de réfraction, sur quelques paramètres tels que: l'efficacité de diffraction, la sélectivité spectrale et angulaire. Les matériaux photosensibles les plus utilisés en holographie à savoir les halogénures d'argent et la gélatine bichromatée, sont fortement non linéaires pour des expositions élevées. Nous avons choisi une série de profils correspondant à des expositions différentes. Pour ces profils nous avons fait une étude numérique complète en utilisant une théorie alternative de la diffraction dans les milieux modulés [1].

PACS
42.40 - 42.70G - 42.80F

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